On December 14, 2009, the Department of State published a proposed rule to increase the nonimmigrant visa application processing fees. The proposed rule also establishes a tiered structure with separate fees for different visa categories. The Department is proposing the increase to cover the increasing cost of processing nonimmigrant visas. This increase applies to nonimmigrant visas placed in passports. Japan nationals seeking to enter the US now pay the US$131 (~¥11,750) application fee like all other applicants around the world, with no guarantees of actually getting the visas.